Charlye Woolman standing amongst the Echium pinnata
Winter flowering bee-friendly plants
The herbaceous beds are planted with a view to attracting insects. Many plants that you read about are supposed to bee-friendly but turn out to be decidedly underwhelming in that area. After a couple of years, if a plant doesn't provide forage for bees and butterflies it is dug out and something else is tried in its place.
I carry out a survey of which flowers attract bees, how strongly they attract them and for how long. The results are to be found in the bee pages and they will be useful to anyone who wishes to make their garden better for bees.